Tuesday, 27 September 2016

Whither Mumbai. Future Of The City.

Prevent the Megapolis from turning into a Necropolis?
Coordination between Centre and State is required. Mumbai. Various projects are pending clearances. This one is a take on Urban Management and the author is concerned about the 'financial' index of the city vis-a-vis rest of the worlds' cities. Multiple Structures must come together.

"... Two issues are crucial to Mumbai’s development: the provision of affordable housing and planned open spaces within the city. While these two could be hard to achieve, given that the existing per capita open space ratio (area of open space a citizen has access to) is a mere 0.99 square metre, it is the need of the hour. In this context, I am happy to note that the chief minister has announced the increase in the floor space index of up to four for the construction of houses for police and public sector employees. ..."
Architecture India News notes that the terms "sustainable living" and "stakeholders" are intertwined or linked to each other as if this is a necessity. 'What does that mean', you ask? 'So what', you ask? We'll not comment on that. . . We will. . . >> Paisa Paisa.
It's a given? Capitalist Trader will decide sustainability?
Refer http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-city-is-the-solution-not-the-problem/99 .

Monday, 26 September 2016

Chandigarh City, Le Corbusier

Celebration of Chandigarh City to Commemorate the 50th death anniversary of Le Corbusier
Celebrating Le Corbusier’s Chandigarh is a tribute to the legendary architect on his 50th death anniversary. Chandigarh is a world and living heritage. There were supposed to be a no. of creative, intellectual and spectacular events. Public involvement was the aim.
"... also keeping in mind that we are seeking UNESCO transnational inscription for the city. ..."
"... This was meant to depict day and night and the engineering department has completed making it, which people can now view on the geometric hill. ..."
"... Corbusier ushered in modernism in India, and his buildings have no Colonial hangover, and nowhere in the world has anyone made a city like Chandigarh. Yes, this is an opportunity for us to look at the heritage of Chandigarh, which is a world and living heritage. So, the Department of Tourism, Chandigarh; Chandigarh College of Architecture; and Department of Urban Planning, Chandigarh, have planned a series of events, with international appeal, to celebrate his legacy with a series of lectures, seminars and other events. ..."
"... The city was designed for five lakh people, and we are almost 12 lakh now, but the city is ..."
Find this at http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/chandigarh/corbusiers-architecture-is-timeless/
Our inputs: He is known for beton brut - 'naked concrete'.

4D Living Housing Unit by IDC Bombay

IIT-Bombay Industrial Design Centre (IDC) comes up with shared serviced homes
Dedensification will allow upward mobility. Resources will be shared. Ownership and rental are mixed. Housing is a product?, or a service? :-)
The Housing unit displays how spaces and facilities may be shared. T'is called 4D.
"... After four years of planning and design, and visiting slums across the country, the centre came up with the two variants of 3D and 4D living spaces which are both affordable and sustainable.
The 3D home, designed by three IIT-B students, is fit for a family with stowaway couches, chairs and movable walls. ... their project allows people to make optimum use of every inch of the space. The idea can be incorporated to accommodate a family of six in a 100 sqft space, ..."
Refer http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/IIT-B-centre-designs-affordable-shared-serviced-homes/articleshow/45916407.cms .

Sunday, 25 September 2016

Water Smart City

Technology is what makes a Smart City? Here is Water Smart City now.
A water smart city should be about a water-literate community.
Refer http://www.thehindu.com/features/homes-and-gardens/design-watersmart-cities/article6793872.ece .
"... These groups are community groups and not the traditional NGOs. They champion a local lake as a resource as they are closely affiliated to it in the sense of geography and take great pride in it as a community property. They work closely with authorities and institutions ..."
ANI says in jest, Water Smart City?, or a Smart "Water City"?

This Smart - Equitable City Makes More Sense.

The powerful and the political even change the policy
The World Bank said that 'natural' migration from rural areas to urban centres 'should not' be stopped. "Deprivation due to disparity" may have been acknowledged but the various forces at play have not been interpreted correctly in the context of time, place, locale. The powerful and the political class fulfill their nefarious agenda by even 'changing' policy, which is a criminality. All rural schemes seem to be 'mechanisms' of giving away rural land to the builders. Centralisation of basic services is desired.
Refer http://www.indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/city-must-be-equitable-not-smart .

‪Medha Patkar, founding member of Ghar Bachao Ghar Banao Andolan says...
"... Why can’t lakhs of people in a megalopolis afford a house? Urban planners are invariably biased against poor dwellers. Land distribution and allocation is tilted against the masses. With no limits to houses per family and thousands of cars (each requiring space at home, the office and on the road), new infrastructure is created for the rich, usurping large chunks of land.
The majority of the population, including construction workers, who are the real builders, is left without even a small piece of land to erect shelters. Instead of a right to shelter, housing schemes further distort the priority and allocation.
Hiranandani Gardens in Mumbai is the worst example of how concessions under the Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act, 1976, were misused. The holder of the power of attorney during the purchase of land later taken over by the government at the cheapest rate got it back in the name of a development scheme at the same rate, 40 paise per acre. The condition that it would be used for low-cost housing stands violated and the Bombay High Court’s order to build 3,144 houses for the needy, before any further construction, has not been obeyed either.
The Adarsh Society and Lavasa cases being fought by us are indicative of how the politically influential get hold of the desired land in violation of all laws and regulations, even by changing policy. But the poor struggle against eviction and “illegality” throughout their lives. Legal workers and legal voters they may be, yet they are treated as illegal residents.
The answer lies in a housing policy that includes low-cost rental and dormitory accommodation for temporary migrants, reserving land for “site and service” schemes for the poor. No free houses, but self-reliant, participatory community or cooperative housing schemes by and for the poor that lease out land on a long-term basis, are a solution. The land in the hands of a few landlords, individual and corporations, should be requisitioned and redistributed.
The goal of minimising uncontrolled migration can be attained not through aggressive and divisive regional politics but through rural development. Ensuring adequate livelihood sources developed in the neighbourhood, based on the natural and human resources available within a local unit, should be the priority. This will not exclude industrialisation; on the contrary, it will promote it.
Above all, no urbanisation that exploits the working classes within should be acceptable. We have to think of ways to evolve equitable and sustainable alternatives in each sector of urban planning, be it water, energy, waste management or housing. Smart cities are not the answer, as those will only replicate an anti-poor bias. Shanghai, Singapore or even Curitiba, an example of sustainable urban planning, cannot be taken as readymade models. India needs to evolve a new, truly indigenous paradigm based on the constitutional values of equity and justice."


Saturday, 24 September 2016

Complete sub city zoned out of Delhi parts

DDA envisions a complete sub city located in area of 20-24 hectares
A Smart City is to be zoned out of Dwarka, Rohini and Narela. It will be equipped with latest technologies and waste-management techniques.
Refer http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-01-02/news/57611557_1_electric-buses-dwarka-smart-city .
"... 2000 flats are being proposed for citizens aged 60 and above. 800 of them are being planned in Dwarka, while rest in Rohini and south Delhi. We have already appointed a management consultant and on January 15 we are calling in the architect for the design. We are also in talks with the banks to see if reverse mortgaging facility could be allowed ..." ... "... also plan to bring in cycle sharing project, where through last-mile connectivity, people would be able to use the road through dedicated cycle tracks and park them at metro stations. Besides, we are contemplating on e-buses (electric buses) and study is being currently done by an institute ..."